One Rupee (Silver) Coin Under Edward VII (1903-1910) Regime

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One Rupee (Silver) Coin Under Edward VII (1903-1910) RegimeOne Rupee (Silver) Coin Under Edward VII (1903-1910) RegimeSpecifications 

One Rupee coin

Weight: 11.66g 

Metal: 0.917 Silver

Diameter: 31.0 mm

Edge: Reeded 

Alignment: Medal

Mint: Mumbai (Bombay)

Obverse: Crown above. Denomination in English and Persian in center with date below. Wreath surrounds from both sides.

Reverse: Bust facing right with legends "EDWARD VII KING AND EMPEROR". 

Engraver: George William de Saulles

Mintage Years: 1903


After Queen Victoria died in year 1901, her elder son, King Edward VII ascended the throne. The Edward VII series of coins of India are dated 1903-1910.

The King Edward VII coins are distinct as the head is uncrowned. The apparent explanation is that when Queen Victoria died on 22 January 1901, Edward's coronation was not held till 9 August 1902. The master dies were created before the coronation, so it was not possible to show him wearing the crown! On 5th December 1902, it was announcement that from 1st January 1903 the new coins would be issued. It is reported that a new portrait was prepared for 1910, but King Edward's died the same year.

The Royal Mint and the India Office had not been happy with the patterns prepared by Wezel in India for the new coinage in 1901, and the following sequence of events unfolded leading to the issuance of new rupee currency coins in January 1903. On 20th January 1902, India Office requested Royal Mint to provide obverse specimen with new legend EDWARD VII KING and EMPEROR, and also a specimen or drawing for the reverse. On 30th January 1902, drawings from the Royal Mint returned from India Office pending more information from India. On 7th February 1902, telegram from India stated that a new design was in preparation. On 17th February 1902, Further telegram from India stating that the Viceroy would like the recently adopted uncrowned head of the King as used on the gold sovereign to be used for the obverse of the Indian coinage. The telegram also stated that a new reverse design would be sent. On 6th March 1902, India Office in London sent the new reverse design that they had received from India, to the Royal Mint. On 26th March 1902, Reverse design returned from Royal Mint to the India Office together with another reverse design from the Royal Mint. Also sent was a specimen of the obverse striking. The design was submitted to the King, who chose the Royal Mint obverse and the Calcutta Mint reverse. On 25th April 1902, Royal Mint asked to prepare matrix dies. On 11th July 1902, Obverse matrix and punch sent to Calcutta, now Kolkata. On 29th July 1902, Reverse matrix and punch sent to Calcutta. King Edward's coronation was delayed because of his illness and was finally held on 9th August 1902. On 12th September 1902, Viceroy notified London the obverse matrix was not satisfactory and needed to be altered to have a divided legend. On 5th December 1902: Announcement that from 1st January 1903 the new coins would be issued.

The King Edward VII coin series of issue consisted of four silver coins (Rupee, 1/2 Rupee, 1/4 Rupee and 2 Annas) and three copper coins (1/4 Anna, 1/2 Pice and 1/12 Anna). A special feature of Edward VII coinage was that on all silver coins had value in Persian, which was introduced along with English. 

Special Note

Apparently there are small traces of gold in British India silver coinage. Not only in the 1835 Rupee, but, across all British India silver coinage. In 1909-1910 report, tests shows that the mints produced a fineness of .916 of silver and 0.000625 gold by both Bombay and Calcutta mints. The reports of 1916 silver coinage show 0.0003 gold.

Quantity: 1 (One)

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